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Identification and Molecular Mapping of a Gene Conferring Resistance to Pyrenophora tritici-repentis Race 3 in Tetraploid Wheat

August 2006 , Volume 96 , Number  8
Pages  885 - 889

P. K. Singh , J. L. Gonzalez-Hernandez , M. Mergoum , S. Ali , T. B. Adhikari , S. F. Kianian , E. M. Elias , and G. R. Hughes

First, second, third, sixth, and seventh authors: Department of Plant Sciences, 166-Loftsgard Hall; and fourth and fifth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, 306-Walster Hall, North Dakota State University, Fargo 58105; and eighth author: Department of Plant Sciences, 51-Campus Drive, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5A8, Canada

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Accepted for publication 3 April 2006.

Race 3 of the fungus Pyrenophora tritici-repentis, causal agent of tan spot, induces differential symptoms in tetraploid and hexaploid wheat, causing necrosis and chlorosis, respectively. This study was conducted to examine the genetic control of resistance to necrosis induced by P. tritici-repentis race 3 and to map resistance genes identified in tetraploid wheat (Triticum turgidum). A mapping population of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) was developed from a cross between the resistant genotype T. tur-gidum no. 283 (PI 352519) and the susceptible durum cv. Coulter. Based on the reactions of the Langdon-T. dicoccoides (LDN[DIC]) disomic substitution lines, chromosomal location of the resistance genes was determined and further molecular mapping of the resistance genes for race 3 was conducted in 80 RILs of the cross T. turgidum no. 283/Coulter. Plants were inoculated at the two-leaf stage and disease reaction was assessed 8 days after inoculation based on lesion type. Disease reaction of the LDN(DIC) lines and molecular mapping on the T. turgidum no. 283/Coulter population indicated that the gene, designated tsn2, conditioning resistance to race 3 is located on the long arm of chromosome 3B. Genetic analysis of the F2 generation and of the F4:5 and F6:7 families indicated that a single recessive gene controlled resistance to necrosis induced by race 3 in the cross studied.

© 2006 The American Phytopathological Society