First and fifth authors: Plant Breeding, Genetics, and Biotechnology Division, International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines and Genetics and Breeding Division, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA, Suwon 441-857, Republic of Korea; second author: National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA, Suwon 441-707, Republic of Korea; third author: Honam Agricultural Research Institute, NICS, RDA, Iksan 570-080, Republic of Korea; and fourth author: Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biotechnology Division, International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines
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Accepted for publication 23 February 2006.
Developing resistant cultivars requires an understanding of the dynamics of the pathogen populations as well as the genetics of host resistance. Bacterial leaf blight (BB), caused by the vascular pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, has become one of the most devastating diseases of rice. We demonstrate here the quantitative analyses of responses of near-isogenic lines carrying various BB resistance (R) genes and R-gene combinations against 16 X. oryzae pv. oryzae isolates representing Korean BB pathotypes. The estimated main effects of each R gene against the 16 isolates identified prominent differences in BB pathotypes between Korea and other countries. Three major aspects of our quantitative observations and statistical analysis are (i) strong and broad resistance of xa5; (ii) independent and additive genetic actions of Xa4, xa5, and Xa21 under digenic or trigenic status; and (iii) a strong quantitative complementation effect contributed by the functional alleles of Xa4 and Xa21. We conclude that the pyramid line containing genes Xa4, xa5, and Xa21 would be the most promising and valuable genotype for improving Korean japonica cultivars for BB resistance.
© 2006 The American Phytopathological Society