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Vegetative Compatibility Groups in Cercospora kikuchii, the Causal Agent of Cercospora Leaf Blight and Purple Seed Stain in Soybean

March 2005 , Volume 95 , Number  3
Pages  257 - 261

G. Cai and R. W. Schneider

Department of Plant Pathology and Crop Physiology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge 70803

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Accepted for publication 8 November 2004.

Nitrogen nonutilizing (Nit) mutants were used to assess vegetative compatibility of 58 isolates of Cercospora kikuchii, 55 of which were isolated from soybean plants in Louisiana. Two isolates were vegetatively self-incompatible. Of 56 self-compatible isolates, 16 were assigned to six multimember vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs), 01 to 06, with 2 or 3 isolates in each VCG. The other 40 isolates each belonged to a distinct VCG. All six multimember VCGs contained isolates from different soy bean cultivars, and three included isolates from different locations. Only one of six multimember VCGs included isolates both from soybean leaves and seed, while the other five included isolates from only leaves or seed. The likelihood of tissue specificity or preference was discussed. All isolates and tested Nit mutants produced cercosporin on potato dextrose agar under light. Significantly different amounts of cercosporin were produced among wild-type isolates, and two Nit mutants produced significantly more cercosporin than their wild-type counterparts. All isolates produced typical Cercospora leaf blight symptoms on soybean plants in greenhouse pathogenicity tests.

© 2005 The American Phytopathological Society