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Genetic Marker Analysis of a Global Collection of Isolates of Citrus tristeza virus: Characterization and Distribution of CTV Genotypes and Association with Symptoms

August 2005 , Volume 95 , Number  8
Pages  909 - 917

Mark E. Hilf , Vessela A. Mavrodieva , and Stephen M. Garnsey

First author: USDA-ARS-USHRL, 2001 S. Rock Rd., Fort Pierce, FL 34945; second author: Department of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695; and third author: USDA-ARS-USHRL, 2120 Camden Road, Orlando, FL, 32802 (Retired)

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Accepted for publication 12 April 2005.

Genetic markers amplified from three noncontiguous regions by sequence specific primers designed from the partial or complete genome sequences of Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) isolates T3, T30, T36, and VT were used to assess genetic relatedness of 372 isolates in an international collection. Eighty-five isolates were judged similar to the T3 isolate, 81 to T30, 11 to T36, and 89 to VT. Fifty-one isolates were mixed infections by two or more identifiable viral genotypes, and 55 isolates could not be assigned unequivocally to a group defined by marker patterns. Maximum parsimony analysis of aligned marker sequences supported the grouping of isolates on the basis of marker patterns only. Specific disease symptoms induced in select citrus host plants were shared across molecular groups, although symptoms were least severe among isolates grouped by markers with the T30 isolate and were most severe among isolates grouped by markers with the T3 isolate. Isolates assigned the same genotype showed variable symptoms and symptom severity. A classification strategy for CTV isolates is proposed that combines genetic marker patterns and nucleotide sequence data.

The American Phytopathological Society, 2005