First, fourth, and fifth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, North Dakota State University, Fargo 58105; second and sixth authors: U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Cereal Crops Research Unit, Northern Crop Science Laboratory, Red River Valley Agricultural Research Center, Fargo, ND 58105; and third author: Department of Biochemistry, North Dakota State University, Fargo 58105
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Accepted for publication 16 June 2004.
A toxin, designated SnTox1, was partially purified from culture filtrates of isolate Sn2000 of Stagonospora nodorum, the causal agent of wheat leaf and glume blotch. The toxin showed selective action on several different wheat genotypes, indicating that it is a host-selective toxin (HST). The toxic activity was reduced when incubated at 50°C and activity was eliminated when treated with proteinase K, suggesting that the HST is a protein. The synthetic hexaploid wheat W-7984 and hard red spring wheat Opata 85, the parents of the International Triticeae Mapping Initiative (ITMI) mapping population, were found to be sensitive and insensitive, respectively, to SnTox1. The ITMI mapping population was evaluated for toxin reaction and used to map the gene conditioning sensitivity. This gene, designated Snn1, mapped to the distal end of the short arm of chromosome 1B. The wheat cv. Chinese Spring (CS) and all CS nullisomic-tetrasomic lines were sensitive to the toxin, with the exception of N1BT1D. Insensitivity also was observed when the 1B chromosome of CS was substituted with the 1B chromosome of an insensitive accession of Triticum dicoccoides. In addition, a series of 1BS chromosome deletion lines were used to physically localize the sensitivity gene. Physical mapping indicated that Snn1 lies within a major gene-rich region on 1BS. This is the first report identifying a putative proteinaceous HST from S. nodorum and the chromosomal location of a host gene conferring sensitivity.
The American Phytopathological Society, 2004