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Identification of Lentil Germ Plasm Resistant to Colletotrichum truncatum and Characterization of Two Pathogen Races

March 2004 , Volume 94 , Number  3
Pages  236 - 243

L. Buchwaldt , K. L. Anderson , R. A. A. Morrall , B. D. Gossen , and C. C. Bernier

First and fourth authors: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saskatoon Research Centre, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0X2 Canada; second and third authors: Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E2; and fifth author: Department of Plant Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 Canada

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Accepted for publication 23 September 2003.

A total of 1,771 lentil accessions from the U.S. lentil collection (U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Pullman, WA) and the Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung (Gatersleben, Germany) were screened for resistance to Colletotrichum truncatum, the cause of anthracnose. About 95% of the accessions were susceptible when inoculated with a single isolate in the field. Retesting, under controlled conditions, of accessions rated as resistant or moderately resistant in the field resulted in identification of anthracnose resistance in four accessions from the U.S. collection (PI 320937, PI 320952 [cv. Indianhead], PI 345629, and 468901), and 12 accessions from the German collection (Lens 3, 102, 104, 106, 107, 119, 122, 134, 135, 177, 195, and 209). Seven of the accessions were used as host differentials to characterize pathogenic variability of 50 single-spore isolates collected in Manitoba and Saskatchewan, Canada. The presence of two distinct races was demonstrated. Isolates of C. truncatum avirulent on cv. Indianhead, PI 320937, PI 345629, PI 468901, Lens 102, Lens 104, and Lens 195 were designated race Ct1. Isolates that were virulent on these seven entries were designated race Ct0, indicating their lack of avirulence genes. Race Ct0 was isolated more frequently from commercial seed samples than race Ct1, but the two races were isolated with similar frequency from plants in commercial fields planted to susceptible cultivars. Race Ct0, to which no resistance has yet been identified, presents a high risk to lentil production in Canada and potentially worldwide.

Additional keywords: Lens culinaris, lentil differentials.

The American Phytopathological Society, 2004