First and fourth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, North Dakota State University, Fargo 58105; and second and third authors: Potato Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, P.O. Box 20280, Fredericton, NB, Canada E3B 4Z7
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Accepted for publication 2 September 2004.
Potato field isolates (Solanum tuberosum) of Potato virus Y (PVY) collected from the midwestern and western United States were characterized using serological, molecular, and biological assays. PVY field isolates were grouped into the previously defined categories: PVYO, European PVYNTN, North American PVYNTN, and PVYN:O recombinant and four previously undefined groups. Studies reported here agree with published reports from Europe and elsewhere in North America as PVY isolates capable of causing veinal necrosis in tobacco indicator plants appear in high frequency. In contrast to European experiences, PVY tuber necrosis isolates have a PVYO coat protein rather than that of PVYN. Several PVYN:O recombinant isolates induced potato tuber necrotic ringspot disease (PTNRD) in the highly susceptible potato cv. Yukon Gold. The PTNRD symptoms produced by these PVYN:O recombinants were atypical compared with lesions found on the same cultivar infected with either the European or North American PVYNTN isolates. These PVYN:O isolates produced a roughly circular, sunken necrotic lesion on the surface of the tuber instead of the typical external sunken ring pattern displayed by PVYNTN isolates. This study establishes the complex nature of PVY populations within the U.S. potato industry and clearly demonstrates the diverse nature of PVY in the United States.
© 2004 The American Phytopathological Society