First author: Institute for Adriatic Crops, Put Duilova 11, 21000 Split, Croatia; second and fourth authors: U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, 9611 South Riverbend Ave., Parlier, CA 93648; third author: Department of Horticulture, Menofiya University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt; and fifth author: Biometrical Services, USDA-ARS, Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, CA 94710
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Accepted for publication 21 April 2003.
Resistance of mature berries of grapevine cultivars and selections to postharvest infection by Botrytis cinerea was assessed. Little or no resistance existed in most popular table grape Vitis vinifera cultivars, except in moderately resistant ‘Emperor’ and ‘Autumn Black’. Highly resistant grapes were V. rotundifolia, V. labrusca, or other complex hybrids. Morphological, anatomical, and chemical characteristics of 42 genetically diverse cultivars and selections with various levels of resistance to B. cinerea were examined to determine which features were associated with resistance. We quantified the (i) density of berries within a cluster; (ii) number of pores and lenticels on the berry surface; (iii) thickness and number of cell layers in the epidermis and external hypodermis; (iv) amount of cuticle and wax; (v) berry skin protein content; (vi) total phenolic content of the skin before and after B. cinerea inoculation; and (vii) catechin and trans- and cis-resveratrol contents of the skin before and after inoculation. The number of pores was negatively correlated with resistance. Highly resistant cultivars had few or no pores in the berry surface. The number and thickness of epidermal and hypodermal cell layers and cuticle and wax contents were positively correlated with resistance. Other characteristics evaluated were not associated with resistance. trans-Resveratrol and cis-resveratrol were induced by B. cinerea inoculation only in sensitive and moderately resistant cultivars and selections.
The American Phytopathological Society, 2003