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Localizing the Bacterial Blight Resistance Gene, Xa22(t), to a 100-Kilobase Bacterial Artificial Chromosome

October 2003 , Volume 93 , Number  10
Pages  1,258 - 1,262

Chuntai Wang , Mingpu Tan , Xin Xu , Guosong Wen , Duanpin Zhang , and Xinghua Lin

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China

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Accepted for publication 8 May 2003.

The rice bacterial blight resistance gene, Xa22(t), provides resistance to a broad spectrum of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae isolates. Here, we localize the gene to a small 100-kb fragment of chromosome 11 by a combination of genetic recombination analysis and physical mapping. Mapping was done with two F2 populations from the cross between Zhachanglong and Zhenzhuai. The first population consisted of 248 random individuals and 404 highly susceptible individuals selected from an F2 population of more than 2,000 individuals and was used to construct a linkage map around the Xa22(t) locus. For the second F2 population, 7,680 plants were examined with simple sequence repeat markers flanking the Xa22(t) locus to identify recombinants useful for fine-genetic mapping. Two large-insert bacterial artificial chromasome (BAC) libraries (from cvs. Teqing and Minghui63) were screened with a marker (R1506) which cosegregated perfectly with Xa22(t) in the first population. Restriction mapping of the resulting BAC clones enabled a physical map of the area to be constructed, and subclones from the BAC clones provided additional restriction fragment length polymorphism probes which could be placed on the fine-structure genetic map using the recombinants from the second mapping population. The Xa22(t) locus was mapped to a ≈ 100-kb interval delimited by the R1506 marker and a subclone from the M3H8 BAC clone.

Additional keywords: genetic map, physical map, rice, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.

© 2003 The American Phytopathological Society