First, third, fifth, and sixth authors: Department of Agriculture-Western Australia, 3 Baron-Hay Court, South Perth, WA 6151, Australia; second author: Centre for Cropping Systems, Department of Agriculture-Western Australia, Lot 12 (P.O. Box 483), Northam, WA 6401, Australia; and first, third, fourth, and fifth authors: Co-operative Research Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
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Accepted for publication 15 May 2002.
A spatiotemporal model has been developed to simulate the spread of anthracnose, initiated by infected seed, in a lupin field. The model quantifies the loss of healthy growing points of lupin in all 1-m2 subunits of a field throughout a growing season. The development of growing points is modeled as a function of temperature using a 1-day time step, and disease-induced compensatory growth is accounted for. Dispersal of spores is simulated explicitly using Monte Carlo techniques. Spread of spores occurs during rainfall events on a 1-h time step. The distance traveled by spores is partially dependent on wind speed and is generated by adding the values selected from half-Cauchy distributions. The direction of travel of the spores is influenced by wind direction. The model has been employed to produce a theoretical assessment of damage from disease in two environments at five levels of seed infection. It was calculated that in a susceptible lupin cultivar with a 0.01% initial seed infection, anthracnose would cause approximately 15% loss of healthy growing points in a high rainfall environment in Western Australia. In a low rainfall environment, similar damage would be unlikely even with a much higher (1%) level of seed infection.
growing point loss,
spread of diseases.
© 2002 The American Phytopathological Society