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Phytophthora infestans Populations from Tomato and Potato in North Carolina Differ in Genetic Diversity and Structure

November 2002 , Volume 92 , Number  11
Pages  1,189 - 1,195

T. Wangsomboondee , C. Trout Groves , P. B. Shoemaker , M. A. Cubeta , and J. B. Ristaino

Department of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695

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Accepted for publication 3 July 2002.

Phytophthora infestans causes a destructive disease on tomato and potato. In North Carolina (NC) potatoes are mostly grown in the east, whereas tomatoes are grown in the mountainous areas in the western part of the state. Five genotypes of P. infestans were identified from 93 and 157 isolates collected from tomato and potato over a 5 year period between 1993 and 1998. All isolates collected from potato in eastern NC were the US-8 genotype, whereas only a single isolate was the US-1 genotype. Tuber blight was found on immature daughter tubers in a single field in 1997, however infection on mature tubers was not observed. Within potato fields, a range of sensitivity to metalaxyl was observed among isolates but all were either intermediate or highly resistant to the fungicide. In contrast, isolates from tomatoes included previously reported US-7 and US-8 genotypes and two new genotypes called US-18 and US-19 (A2 mating type, allozyme genotype Gpi 100/100 and Pep 92/100). These genotypes had unique restriction fragment length polymorphism banding patterns, were sensitive to metalaxyl, and have not been reported elsewhere. All genotypes, with the exception of the US-1, were the Ia mitochondrial haplotype. Thus, isolates of P. infestans from tomato were more genetically diverse over time in NC than those from potato and include two new genotypes that are sensitive to metalaxyl.

Additional keywords: epidemiology, Irish potato famine, population genetics.

© 2002 The American Phytopathological Society