First and second authors: INRA Environnement et Grandes Cultures, BP 01, 78 850 Thiverval Grignon, France; and third author: INRA Pathologie Végétale, BP 01, 78 850 Thiverval Grignon, France
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Accepted for publication 12 March 2002.
To develop mechanistic yield loss models for biotrophic fungi, we need better account for the export of dry matter, carbon, and nitrogen from the leaf into the spores. Three experiments in controlled environment chambers were performed to study the dynamics of uredospores production of Puccinia triticina on seedling leaves of wheat in relation to time, lesion density, and sporulating surface area. The detrimental effect of lesion density on the sporulation capacity of brown rust lesions was confirmed. When lesion density increased, spores production per lesion strongly decreased. However, our results showed that increasing lesion density also greatly reduces lesion size. A model was developed to summarize these relationships. Our main conclusion is that the density effect on spore production per lesion is accounted for by lesion size. When sporulation was related to the sporulating surface area, it became independent of density. As well, carbon and nitrogen contents of the spores were independent of lesion density. Our data suggest that when nitrogen available in the host is limiting, spore production is reduced but nitrogen content of spores tend to remain stable.
© 2002 The American Phytopathological Society