First author: U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), Northern Crop Science Laboratory, Fargo, ND 58105; second and sixth authors: Department of Plant, Soil and Entomological Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow 83844; third author: Department of Plant Pathology, North Dakota State University, Fargo 58105; fourth author: USDA-ARS, United States National Arboretum, Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit, Beltsville, MD 20705; and fifth author: Texas A&M University, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, College Station 77843
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Accepted for publication 18 March 2002.
Sunflower mosaic is caused by a putative member of the family Potyviridae. Sunflower mosaic virus (SuMV) was characterized in terms of host range, physical and biological characteristics, and partial nucleotide and amino acid sequence. Cells infected with SuMV had cytoplasmic inclusion bodies typical of potyviruses. Of 74 genera tested, only species in Helianthus, Sanvitalia, and Zinnia, all Asteraceae, were systemic hosts. Commercial sunflower hybrids from the United States, Europe, and South Africa were all equally susceptible. The mean length of purified particles is approximately 723 nm. The virus was transmitted by Myzus persicae and Capitphorus elaegni, and also was seedborne in at least one sunflower cultivar. Indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay tests with a broad-spectrum potyvirus monoclonal antibody were strongly positive. SuMV-specific polyclonal antisera recognized SuMV and, to a lesser extent, Tobacco etch virus (TEV). When tested against a panel of 31 potyvirus-differentiating monoclonal antibodies, SuMV was distinct from any potyvirus previously tested. SuMV shared four epitopes with TEV, but had a reaction profile more similar to Tulip breaking virus (TBV). SuMV did not possess epitopes unique only to TBV. The predicted coat protein had a molecular weight of 30.5 kDa. The 3′ end of the virus genome was cloned and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis of the coat protein amino acid sequence revealed that SuMV is a distinct species within the family Potyviridae, most closely related to TEV.
© 2002 The American Phytopathological Society