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Diversity Among Isolates of Bean pod mottle virus

April 2002 , Volume 92 , Number  4
Pages  446 - 452

Hongcang Gu , Anthony J. Clark , P. B. de Sá , Todd W. Pfeiffer , Sue Tolin , and Said A. Ghabrial

First, second, third, and sixth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40546; fourth author: Department of Agronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40546; and fifth author: Plant Pathology, Physiology and Weed Sciences Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg 24061

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Accepted for publication 21 December 2001.

Isolates of Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV), a member of the genus Comovirus, collected from soybean fields in Kentucky, Virginia, Arkansas, and Iowa were classified into two distinct subgroups, I and II, based on nucleic acid hybridization analysis using cloned cDNA probes to RNA-1 from BPMV strains K-G7 and K-Ha1. Slot blot hybridization analysis using cloned cDNA probes to RNA-2 from the same two strains (K-G7 and K-Ha1), however, revealed that some of the isolates, initially classified as belonging to subgroup I after analysis with RNA-1 probes, are in fact natural reassortants between the two strain subgroups. This was corroborated by nucleotide sequence analysis of full-length cDNA clones of both RNA-1 and RNA-2 from a putative reassortant strain (K-Ho1). These results indicate that BPMV strain diversity is more complex than initially anticipated, and that the use of cloned probes to both genomic RNAs during nucleic acid hybridization analysis is required to unravel the extent of such diversity. In a field plot experiment, BPMV isolates that belong to distinct strain subgroups induced symptoms that varied in severity and in the level of yield losses. In this regard, the reassortant strain K-Ho1 caused the most serious damage compared with four other BPMV isolates tested. Furthermore, the soybean alleles Rsv1 and Rsv4, known to confer resistance against Soybean mosaic virus, a member of the genus Potyvirus, did not provide any protection against BPMV. Additionally, we developed a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction procedure based on the sequence of a highly conserved region in the capsid polyprotein coding sequence that provides efficient and highly sensitive detection of all BPMV isolates tested, regardless of their strain classification.

© 2002 The American Phytopathological Society