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Differentiation of Three Homogeneous Groups of Rhizoctonia solani Anastomosis Group 4 by Analysis of Fatty Acids

September 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  9
Pages  821 - 830

Janell Stevens Johnk and Roger K. Jones

Former graduate research assistant and professor, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 55108

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Accepted for publication 21 May 2001.

Profiles of fatty acids from 70 isolates of Rhizoctonia solani anastomosis group (AG)-4 clustered into three groups, corresponding to homogeneous group (HG)-I, HG-II, and a newly described HG-III. Isolates from Georgia peanuts exhibiting limb rot were characterized as gas chromatography (GC) subgroup 1 (GC-1) and contained HG-I isolates. Isolates from diseased soybean hypocotyls grown in North Dakota and sugar beet seedlings, taproots, and tare soil in Minnesota and North Dakota were characterized as GC subgroup 2 (GC-2) and contained predominantly HG-II isolates but also included three distinct isolates based on fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) analysis and morphological features. Selected isolates from North Carolina cucumbers clustered into three distinct groups that corresponded to HG-I, HG-II, and the newly described HG-III. Distinct isolates from the soybean and sugar beet populations clustered with HG-III. Fatty acid profiles of AG-4 were compared with FAME library profiles of AG-1, AG-2 type 2, and AG-3, which were developed in previous studies and were sufficiently different that they could be used to support speciation of this group from R. solani. It is suggested that binomial R. practicola may be appropriate for the portion of AG-4 identified as HG-II.

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society