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Genetic Structure of Peruvian Populations of Phytophthora infestans

October 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  10
Pages  956 - 965

Willmer G. Perez , J. Soledad Gamboa , Yesenia V. Falcon , Mario Coca , Rubi M. Raymundo , and Rebecca J. Nelson

International Potato Center (CIP), Lima 12, Peru

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Accepted for publication 25 June 2001

Isolates of the late blight pathogen Phytophthora infestans (n = 327) from the central to southern Peruvian Andes were systematically collected in 1997 to 1999 and analyzed to determine the pathogen's population structure at its host's center of diversity. No isolates of the A2 mating type were detected. Cluster analysis of DNA fingerprinting data indicated that the collection consisted of five major groups that were interpreted to be clonal lineages. Two of the lineages (US-1 and EC-1) have been previously described, and three (PE-3, 5, and 6) are described here for the first time. Collections from three areas in the central Peruvian Andes, including two key sites used in an international potato breeding program, consisted of isolates of the EC-1 lineage, which has been reported to dominate the pathogen population in Andean countries to the north of Peru. The collections from Cusco and Puno were more diverse. More than one lineage was detected in 10 of the 20 fields sampled in Cusco. Data on virulence, metalaxyl sensitivity, and band data for allozymes, mitochondrial DNA, and ipiB1 suggested that PE-3 may have been produced through recombination events between US-1 and EC-1. Restriction fragment length polymorphism and amplified fragment length polymorphism marker data were not consistent with this hypothesis.

Additional keywords: differentiation , Irish famine pathogen , oomycete , Solanaceae .

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society