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Epidemic Dynamics and Patterns of Plant Diseases

October 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  10
Pages  1,001 - 1,010

J. Segarra , M. J. Jeger , and F. van den Bosch

First author: Department of Agronomy and Forestry, ETSEA, University of Lleida, Av. Alcalde Rovira Roure 177, 25198 Lleida, Spain; second author: T.H. Huxley School, Imperial College at Wye, University of London, Wye, Ashford, Kent TN25 5AH, U.K.; and third author: Department of Statistics, IACR-Rothamsted, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, U.K.

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Accepted for publication 27 June 2001.

The general Kermack and McKendrick epidemic model (K&M) is derived with an appropriate terminology for plant diseases. The epidemic dynamics and patterns of special cases of the K&M model, such as the Vanderplank differential-delay equation; the compartmental healthy (H), latent (L), infectious (S), and postinfectious (R) model; and the K&M model with a delay-gamma-distributed sporulation curve were compared. The characteristics of the disease cycle are summarized by the basic reproductive number, R0, and the normalized sporulation curve, i(τ). We show how R0 and the normalized sporulation curve can be calculated from data in the literature. There are equivalences in the values of the basic reproductive number, R0, the epidemic threshold, and the final disease level across the different models.However, they differ in expressions for the initial disease rate, r, and the initial infection, Q, because the values depend on the sporulation curve. Expressions for r and Q were obtained for each model and can be used to approximate the epidemic curve by the logistic equation.

Additional keywords: epidemiology , mathematical models .

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society