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Effects of Angular Leaf Spot and Rust on Yield Loss of Phaseolus vulgaris

November 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  11
Pages  1,045 - 1,053

W. C. de Jesus Junior , F. X. R. do Vale , R. R. Coelho , B. Hau , L. Zambolim , L. C. Costa , and A. Bergamin Filho

First, second, third, fifth, and sixth authors: Departamento de Fitopatologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, 36571-000 Viçosa, MG, Brazil; fourth author: Institut für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, Universität Hannover, 30419 Hannover, Germany; and seventh author: Departamento de Entomologia, Fitopatologia e Zoologia Agrícola, ESALQ/USP, 13418-900 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil

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Accepted 17 July 2001.

Three field experiments were conducted in 1997, 1998, and 1999 to investigate the effects of angular leaf spot and rust, separately or combined, on host growth and yield of individual bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris). In each experiment, three treatments were established by inoculating cv. Carioca with Phaeoisariopsis griseola, Uromyces appendiculatus, or with both pathogens. An additional control treatment was not inoculated, but was sprayed with a fungicide. In the 1997 and 1999 experiments, angular leaf spot reached higher disease levels than rust, whereas in 1998, rust was more severe than angular leaf spot. Host growth, expressed as healthy leaf area duration (HAD), and yield were the highest in 1997 and lowest in 1998. In each experiment, the treatments did not differ significantly to the area under leaf area progress curve, HAD, and healthy leaf area absorption (HAA). All inoculated treatments had significantly more severe disease and less yield than the control treatment. Based on the analysis of 60 plants in each experiment, yield was not related to the areas under disease progress curve for either or both diseases. In 1997 and 1999, yield was related to HAD (R2 = 0.57 and 0.43) and HAA(R2 = 0.60 and 0.55). Based on the combined analysis of all 36 plots, angular leaf spot reduced the leaf area because of defoliation, whereas rust did not affect the leaf area. Rust reduced yield more than four times that of angular leaf spot, although the decrease in photosynthesis to angular leaf spot was twice that of rust.

Additional keywords: disease interaction , disease-yield relationship .

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society