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Molecular Relationships of Fungi Within the Fusarium redolens-F. hostae Clade

November 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  11
Pages  1,037 - 1,044

Robert P. Baayen , Kerry O'Donnell , Suzanne Breeuwsma , David M. Geiser , and Cees Waalwijk

First author: Mycology Section, Plant Protection Service, P.O. Box 9102, 6700 HC Wageningen, the Netherlands; second author: Microbial Properties Research Unit, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, 1815 North University Street, Peoria, IL; third author: Bulb Research Center, P.O. Box 85, 2160 AB Lisse, the Netherlands; fourth author: Fusarium Research Center, Department of Plant Pathology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park; and fifth author: Plant Research International, Wageningen University and Research, P.O. Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, the Netherlands

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Accepted 25 June 2001.

The evolutionary relationships of fungi in the Fusarium redolens-F. hostae clade were investigated by constructing nuclear and mitochondrial gene genealogies for 37 isolates representing the known genetic and pathogenic diversity of this lineage, together with 15 isolates from putative sister groups that include the Gibberella fujikuroi and F. oxysporum species complexes and related species. Included in the analyses were 29 isolates of F. redolens from Asparagus, Convallaria, Dianthus, Fritillaria, Hebe, Helleborus, Hordeum, Linum, Pisum, Pseudotsuga, and Zea spp., and from soil. Isolates of F. hostae analyzed included two reference isolates from Hosta spp. and six isolates from Hyacinthus spp. that originally were classified as F. oxysporum f. sp. hyacinthi. DNA sequences from a portion of the nuclear translation elongation factor 1α (EF-1α) gene and the mitochondrial small subunit (mtSSU) ribosomal RNA (rRNA) were analyzed individually and as a combined data set based on results of the nonparametric Wilcoxon signed ranks Templeton combinability test. Maximum parsimony analysis of the combined data set identified the F. redolens-F. hostae clade as a sister group to a phylogenetically diverse clade in which the G. fujikuroi species complex formed the most basal lineage. Also included in this latter clade were two unnamed Fusarium spp. that are morphologically similar to F. oxysporum and putative sister taxa comprising the F. oxysporum complex and a F. nisikadoi-F. miscanthi clade. Phylogenetic diversity in F. redolens was small; all isolates were represented by only three EF-1α and two mtSSU rDNA haplotypes. Both the isolates of F. redolens f. sp. asparagi and those of F. redolens f. sp. dianthi were nearly evenly distributed in the combined molecular phylogeny between the two major subclades within F. redolens.

The American Phytopathological Society, 2001