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Genetic Diversity Within Colletotrichum acutatum sensu Simmonds

June 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  6
Pages  586 - 592

Stanley Freeman , Dror Minz , Marcel Maymon , and Aida Zveibil

First, third, and fourth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250; and second author: Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, ARO, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel

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Accepted for publication 12 March 2001.

Isolates of Colletotrichum acutatum from several hosts were characterized by various molecular methods in comparison with morphological identification. Species-specific primer analysis was reliable for grouping C. acutatum isolates to their designated species. Arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction and A+T-rich DNA analyses identified four subgroups within C. acutatum. Subgroup I contained U.S. isolates from almond, apple, peach, and pecan, subgroup II contained isolates from anemone, olive, and strawberry, subgroup III contained isolates from almond (Israel) and strawberry (Spain), and subgroup IV contained a single isolate from anemone (the Netherlands). Likewise, sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) 2 region alone or the complete ITS (ITS 1--5.8S-ITS 2) region grouped the isolates into the same four subgroups. Percent similarity of the complete ITS region within each cluster ranged from 99.6 to 100.0, 99.8 to 100.0, and 98.6% among subgroups I, II, and III, respectively. DNA sequence analysis of the ITS 2 region alone or the entire ITS 1-2 region was more informative than that of the ITS 1 region, which could only group the isolates into two main clusters. The molecular methods employed for studying genetic variation in populations of C. acutatum determined that this species is diverse, indicating that isolates within populations of each subgroup are not host specific.

Additional keywords: C. gloeosporioides , Glomerella , phylogeny .

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society