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Universally Primed Polymerase Chain Reaction Alleles and Internal Transcribed Spacer Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms Distinguish Two Subgroups in Botrytis aclada Distinct from B. byssoidea

June 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  6
Pages  527 - 533

K. Nielsen , A. F. Justesen , D. Funck Jensen , and D. S. Yohalem

First, second, and fourth authors: Department of Crop Protection, Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Forsoegsvej 1, 4200 Slagelse, Denmark; and third author: Department of Plant Biology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Thorvaldsensvej 40, 1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark

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Accepted for publication 13 February 2001.

Fifty-one isolates representing the four Botrytis spp. associated with onion neck rot were clustered by unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean based on universal-primed polymerase chain reaction (UP-PCR) fingerprints. Bootstrap analysis of the consensus phenogram clearly demonstrated five strong clusters among the four Botrytis spp.: B. cinerea (C), B. squamosa (S), B. byssoidea (B), and B. aclada (AI and AII). Subdivision of the 30 B. aclada isolates, AI (14) and AII (16), from Europe, Egypt, North America, and Japan was further supported by restriction analysis of the internal transcribed spacer of the ribosomal genes and spore size measurements. Gene diversities (H) among AI and AII isolates were very low (0.007 and 0.043, respectively). A likelihood ratio chi-square test (G2) of Nei's coefficient of genetic differentiation (GST) showed that both B. aclada subgroups, AI and AII, were significantly different from B. byssoidea (P < 0.001), and that B. aclada subgroups AI and AII were significantly different from each other (P < 0.001). No UP-PCR alleles were shared by AI and B. byssoidea isolates, whereas 10 and 12 alleles were shared by AI:AII and AII:B. byssoidea, respectively. The hypothesis that AII may be a hybrid between AI and B. byssoidea is discussed.

Additional keywords: Botryotinia , DNA fingerprint , hybrid species .

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society