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Differential Accumulation of Potato virus A and Expression of Pathogenesis-Related Genes in Resistant Potato cv. Shepody upon Graft Inoculation

February 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  2
Pages  197 - 203

Xianzhou Nie and Rudra P. Singh

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Potato Research Centre, P.O. Box 20280, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada E3B 4Z7

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Accepted for publication 8 November 2000.

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cv. Shepody is highly resistant to Potato virus A (PVA), yielding no visible symptoms after rub inoculation. In ‘Shepody’ rootstocks graft-inoculated by PVA-infected scions from a susceptible host, we found a resistance consisting of traces of necrosis (necrotic streaks) in stems and chlorosis in newly emerged leaves. The response was temperature dependent, appearing at 15 to 18°C but not at 28 to 31°C. Necrosis was also observed in tubers, appearing first in the bud end and spreading randomly throughout the majority of the tuber. Trace amounts of PVA in plant tissues were detected by a combination of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Southern blot procedures. The virus concentration was significantly higher in visibly necrotic areas than in nonnecrotic areas, suggesting that presence of the necrosis may be concentration dependent. Pathogenesis-related gene expression showed that chitinase A and B, glucanase B, and PR-10a were associated with chlorotic or necrotic symptoms in leaves, stems, and tubers. Gene expression was markedly more evident in tuber tissues than in leaves and stems. Furthermore, generation of oxidants was also observed within the necrotic areas. Although PVA was detected in necrotic areas of tubers, newly emerged plants from the same tubers were PVA-free.

Additional keywords: extreme virus resistance , uneven virus distribution .

The American Phytopathological Society, 2001