Link to home

Cocultures of Peronospora tabacina and Nicotiana Species to Study Host-Pathogen Interactions

December 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  12
Pages  1,224 - 1,230

E. P. Heist , W. C. Nesmith , and C. L. Schardl

Department of Plant Pathology, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40546

Go to article:
Accepted for publication 29 August 2001.

Long-term cocultures of the tobacco blue mold pathogen, Peronospora tabacina, with Nicotiana tabacum and N. repanda callus were derived from infected host plant tissue. In this apparently contaminant-free system, sporulation occurred under similar conditions as in intact plants. Sporangia were collected from cocultures and used to complete Koch's postulates. The cocultures were grown under two light regimes. One consisted of 23 h of light followed by 1 h of darkness and the second comprised total darkness. Sporulation occurred frequently in the 23 h light-grown cocultures but resulted in production of abnormal sporangiophores and sporangia. Production of normal sporangiophores and sporangia was achieved by transferring light-grown cocultures to overnight darkness and resulted in necrosis of the callus. Cocultures of Peronospora tabacina with either host species, grown in total darkness, frequently sporulated with minimal necrosis over the course of 1 year. Thus, cocultures should prove useful as a source of Peronospora tabacina over extended periods of time at low risk of pathogen release, for studying the physiology of Peronospora tabacina- Nicotiana interactions, maintaining Peronospora tabacina lines for genetic studies, and providing a reliable source of axenic inoculum for research.

Additional keywords: downy mildew , gnotobiotic , oomycete , tissue culture .

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society