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Spatial Analysis of Phytophthora infestans Genotypes and Late Blight Severity on Tomato and Potato in the Del Fuerte Valley Using Geostatistics and Geographic Information Systems

December 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  12
Pages  1,156 - 1,165

R. Jaime-Garcia , T. V. Orum , R. Felix-Gastelum , R. Trinidad-Correa , H. D. VanEtten , and M. R. Nelson

First, second, fifth, and sixth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721; third author: Departamento de Biologia, Universidad de Occidente, Unidad Los Mochis, Los Mochis, Sinaloa C.P. 81223, Mexico; and fourth author: Alimentos Del Fuerte, Los Mochis, Sinaloa 81200, Mexico

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Accepted for publication 2 August 2001.

Genetic structure of Phytophthora infestans, the causal agent of potato and tomato late blight, was analyzed spatially in a mixed potato and tomato production area in the Del Fuerte Valley, Sinaloa, Mexico. Isolates of P. infestans were characterized by mating type, allozyme analysis at the glucose-6-phosphate isomerase and peptidase loci, restriction fragment length polymorphism with probe RG57, metalaxyl sensitivity, and aggressiveness to tomato and potato. Spatial patterns of P. infestans genotypes were analyzed by geographical information systems and geo-statistics during the seasons of 1994-95, 1995-96, and 1996-97. Spatial analysis of the genetic structure of P. infestans indicates that geographic substructuring of this pathogen occurs in this area. Maps displaying the probabilities of occurrence of mating types and genotypes of P. infestans, and of disease severity at a regional scale, were presented. Some genotypes that exhibited differences in epidemiologically important features such as metalaxyl sensitivity and aggressiveness to tomato and potato had a restricted spread and were localized in isolated areas. Analysis of late blight severity showed recurring patterns, such as the earliest onset of the disease in the area where both potato and tomato were growing, strengthening the hypothesis that infected potato tubers are the main source of primary inoculum. The information that geostatistical analysis provides might help improve management programs for late blight in the Del Fuerte Valley.

Additional keywords: indicator kriging .

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society