First, fourth, fifth, and sixth authors: National Institute of Agrobiological Resources, Kan-nondai 2-1-2, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8602, Japan; second author: Iwate Biotechnology Research Center, Kitakami, Iwate 024-0003, Japan; and third author: Iwate University, Morioka, Iwate 020-8550, Japan
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Accepted for publication 11 May 2000.
When Ipomoea nil was coinfected with Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV), a member of the genus Potyvirus, and Potato virus X (PVX) typical symptoms caused by PVX were observed on those by SPFMV on the first upper true leaves at 14 days postinoculation (dpi). On the other hand, no PVX-induced symptoms were observed on the first upper true leaves at 14 dpi when plants were infected with PVX alone. In the case of coinfection with PVX and SPFMV, PVX RNA was detected not only in the inoculated cotyledonary leaves but also in the first upper true leaves at 14 dpi. In the case of single infection with PVX, PVX RNA was detected in the inoculated cotyledonary leaves but not in the first upper true leaves at 14 dpi. The accumulation of SPFMV remained unchanged, regardless of whether the inoculum consisted of SPFMV alone or a mixture of SPFMV and PVX. Although recombinant PVX engineered to express the helper component-proteinase (HC-Pro) of SPFMV (PVX.HC) enhanced symptoms severity in Nicotiana benthamiana, PVX.HC induced the synergism characterized by an enhanced viral movement in Ipomoea nil. Immunofluorescence microscopic examination revealed that the HC-Pro was present in phloem of SPFMV-infected I. nil. These results suggest that SPFMV HC-Pro acts as an enhancer of long distance movement for PVX in I. nil.
© 2000 The American Phytopathological Society