The complete nucleotide (nt) sequences of the cloned DNA-A (2644 nts) and DNA-B (2609 nts) components of Bean golden yellow mosaic virus (BGYMV-MX) from Chiapas, Mexico were determined. The genome organization of BGYMV-MX is similar to that of other Western Hemisphere bipartite geminiviruses (genus Begomovirus). Infectivity of the cloned BGYMV-MX DNA components in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) plants was demonstrated by particle bombardment and agroinoculation. BGYMV-MX was identified as a BGYMV (previously type II BGMV) isolate based on sequence analyses, sap-transmissibility, and pseudorecombination experiments with other bean-infecting begomoviruses. On the basis of differences in the DNA-B hypervariable region, symptom phenotype, and properties of infectious pseudorecombinants, BGYMV-MX may represent a distinct strain of BGYMV. Pseudorecombination experiments further established that BGYMV symptom determinants mapped to DNA-B, and that BGYMV-MX was most closely related to BGYMV from Guatemala. A Tomato leaf crumple virus (TLCrV) DNA-A/BGYMV-MX DNA-B pseudorecombinant was infectious in bean, establishing that a viable reassortant can be formed between begomovirus species from different phylogenetic clusters. Bean germ plasm representing the two major gene pools (Andean and Mesoamerican) was screened for response to BGYMV-MX with three methods of inoculation: sap-inoculation, particle bombardment, and agroinoculation. Andean germ plasm was very susceptible and similar results were obtained with all three methods, whereas Mesoamerican germ plasm showed resistance to BGYMV-MX, particularly with agroinoculation.