First and third authors: Department of Crop Sciences, National Soybean Research Center, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801; second author: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461; third author: United States Department of Agriculture-Agriculture Research Service, 1101 W. Peabody, Urbana, IL 61801-4723
Go to article:
Accepted for publication 25 January 2000.
Fusarium solani is a soilborne plant pathogen that infects many different hosts. Within the species, there is some specialization, and a number of forma specialis have been described based on host affiliation. One of these, F. solani f. sp. glycines, infects soybean and causes sudden death syndrome. To differentiate between F. solani f. sp. glycines and other F. solani isolates, a partial sequence of the mitochondrial small subunit (mtSSU) rRNA gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced from 14 F. solani f. sp. glycines and 24 F. solani isolates from various plant hosts. All F. solani f. sp. glycines isolates had identical sequences. A single, unique insertion of cytosine occurred in all F. solaniisolates but not in any of the F. solani f. sp. glycines isolates. Two major lineages, distinguished by sequence divergence and the presence or absence of multiple insertions, occurred in F. solani isolates. Cladistic analysis produced a single most-parsimonious tree with three major clades. The first clade contained all F. solani f. sp. glycines isolates. A second clade grouped together all of the F. solani isolates that had only a single nucleotide insertion difference from the first clade. Genetic distance between these two clades was 0.016. A third clade was formed by five F. solaniisolates that had multiple insertions. Isolates in the third clade had a genetic distance of 0.040 from the first and second clades. Based on the sequence data, it is likely that F. solani f. sp. glycineshas a shorter evolutionary history than other F. solaniisolates that have either single or multiple nucleotide insertions. The differences in nucleotide insertions in part of the mtSSU rRNA gene between F. solani f. sp. glycinesand other F. solani isolates provide a direct and reliable way to distinguish isolates of F. solani.
The American Phytopathological Society, 2000