Maricilia C. Cardoso
First, second, fourth, and fifth authors: Instituto de Biotecnologia Aplicada à Agropecuária (BIOAGRO), Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), 36571-000 Viçosa, MG, Brazil; first author: Universidade estadual de Mato Grosso (UNEMAT); third author: Empresa de Pesquisa agropecuaria de Minas Gerais (EPAMIG), Viçosa, MG, Brazil; fourth author: Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, UFV, Viçosa, MG, Brazil; and fifth author: Departamento de Biologia Geral, UFV, Viçosa, MG, Brazil
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Accepted for publication 8 March 2000.
New cultivars of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) with durable resistance to anthracnose can be developed by pyramiding major resistance genes using marker-assisted selection. To this end, it is necessary to identify sources of resistance and molecular markers tightly linked to the resistance genes. The objectives of this work were to study the inheritance of resistance to anthracnose in the cultivar TO (carrying the Co-4 gene), to identify random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers linked to Co-4, and to introgress this gene in the cultivar Rudá. Populations F1, F2, F2:3, BC1s, and BC1r from the cross Rudá × TO were inoculated with race 65 of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, causal agent of bean anthracnose. The phenotypic ratios (resistant/susceptible) were 3:1 in the F2 population, 1:1 in the BC1s, and 1:0 in the BC1r, confirming that resistance to anthracnose in the cultivar TO was monogenic and dominant. Six RAPD markers linked to the Co-4 gene were identified, four in the coupling phase: OPY20830C (0.0 centimorgan [cM]), OPC08900C (9.7 cM), OPI16850C (14.3 cM), and OPJ011,380C (18.1 cM); and two in the repulsion phase: OPB031,800T (3.7 cM) and OPA18830T (17.4 cM). OPY20830C and OPB031,800T, used in association as a codominant pair, allowed the identification of the three genotypic classes with a high degree of confidence. Marker OPY20830C, which is tightly linked to Co-4, is being used to assist in breeding for resistance to anthracnose.
© 2000 The American Phytopathological Society