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Nucleocapsid Gene-Mediated Transgenic Resistance Provides Protection Against Tomato spotted wilt virus Epidemics in the Field

February 2000 , Volume 90 , Number  2
Pages  139 - 147

Sonia Herrero , Albert K. Culbreath , Alex S. Csinos , Hanu R. Pappu , Rebeca C. Rufty , and Margaret E. Daub

First and sixth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, P.O. Box 7616, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695-7616; second, third, and fourth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, P.O. Box 748, University of Georgia-Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton 31793-0748; and fifth author: Crop Science Department, North Carolina State University, P.O. Box 7620 Raleigh 27695-7620

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Accepted for publication 13 October 1999.

Transformation of plants with the nucleocapsid (N) gene of Tomato spotted wilt tospovirus (TSWV) provides resistance to disease development; however, information is lacking on the response of plants to natural inoculum in the field. Three tobacco cultivars were transformed with the N gene of a dahlia isolate of TSWV (TSWV-D), and plants were evaluated over several generations in the greenhouse. The resistant phenotype was more frequently observed in ‘Burley 21’ than in ‘KY-14’ or ‘K-326’, but highly resistant ‘Burley 21’ transgenic lines were resistant to only 44% of the heterologous TSWV isolates tested. Advanced generation (R3 and R4) transgenic resistant lines of ‘Burley 21’ and a ‘K-326’ F1 hybrid containing the N genes of two TSWV isolates were evaluated in the field near Tifton, GA, where TSWV is endemic. Disease development was monitored by symptom expression and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analysis. Whereas incidence of TSWV infection in ‘Burley 21’ susceptible controls was 20% in 1996 and 62% in 1997, the mean incidence in transgenic lines was reduced to 4 and 31%, respectively. Three transgenic ‘Burley 21’ lines were identified that had significantly lower incidence of disease than susceptible controls over the two years of the study. In addition, the rate of disease increase at the onset of the 1997 epidemic was reduced for all the ‘Burley 21’ transgenic lines compared with the susceptible controls. The ‘K-326’ F1 hybrid was as susceptible as the ‘K-326’ nontransformed control. ELISA analysis demonstrated that symptomless plants from the most resistant ‘Burley 21’ transgenic lines accumulated detectable nucleocapsid protein, whereas symptomless plants from more susceptible lines did not. We conclude that transgenic resistance to TSWV is effective in reducing incidence of the disease in the field, and that accumulation of transgene protein may be important in broad-spectrum resistance.

© 2000 The American Phytopathological Society