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Leaf Rust Resistance Gene Lr34 Associated with Nonsuppression of Stem Rust Resistance in the Wheat Cultivar Canthatch

June 1999 , Volume 89 , Number  6
Pages  518 - 521

E. R. Kerber and T. Aung

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Cereal Research Centre, 195 Dafoe Road, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3T 2M9

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Accepted for publication 22 February 1999.

The common wheat cultivar Thatcher and the backcross derivative Canthatch are moderately or fully susceptible to several races of stem rust because of a suppressor on chromosome 7DL that inhibits the expression of the relevant resistance gene(s). The incorporation of leaf rust resistance gene Lr34 into ‘Thatcher’ is known to enhance stem rust resistance. The effect of this gene in a ‘Canthatch’ background and its relationship with the 7DL suppressor were determined by replacing chromosome 7D of ‘Canthatch’ with 7D of ‘Chinese Spring’, which possesses Lr34 on the short arm. ‘Canthatch’ nullisomic 7D was crossed with ‘Chinese Spring’, followed by a succession of backcrosses to the nullisomic recurrent parent. Homozygous resistant disomic and monosomic substitution lines were recovered that exhibited the same resistant reaction as that of ‘Thatcher’ possessing Lr34 and as that of ‘Canthatch’ nullisomic 7D, in which the 7DL suppressor is absent. The results indicate that, in ‘Canthatch’, Lr34 permits expression of resistance genes normally inhibited by the 7DL suppressor. Furthermore, it is likely that, in ‘Thatcher’ and ‘Thatcher’ back-cross derivatives, Lr34 inactivates the 7DL suppressor.

Additional keywords: Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, Puccinia recondita f. sp. tritici, Triticum aestivum, wheat leaf rust.

© 1999 Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food, Government of Canada