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Phylogenetic Analysis of 16S rRNA Genes and PCR Analysis of the nec1 Gene from Streptomyces spp. Causing Common Scab, Pitted Scab, and Netted Scab in Finland

June 1999 , Volume 89 , Number  6
Pages  462 - 469

Jan F. Kreuze , Sini Suomalainen , Lars Paulin , and Jari P. T. Valkonen

First and fourth authors: Department of Plant Biology, Genetic Centre, P.O. Box 7080, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), S-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden; and second and third authors: Institute of Biotechnology, Viikki Biocenter, P.O. Box 56, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland

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Accepted for publication 24 February 1999.

The sequences of the 16S rRNA genes (nucleotides 29 to 1,521) from various Streptomyces strains pathogenic to potato were compared. These included 10 pathogenic Streptomyces strains isolated from potato scab lesions in Finland, the type strains of S. aureofaciens NRRL 2209T and S. lydicus ATCC 25470T, ‘S. griseus subsp. scabies’ ATCC 10246, and two S. griseus strains that were originally deposited to the collection as pathogens. The nucleotide sequence (>94.5% sequence identity [SI]) and length (1,469 to 1,481 nucleotides) of the analyzed region varied. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA genes placed Finnish strains into three species, supported by previously characterized morphological and physiological traits. Six Finnish strains, including two strains that deviated from the others in one trait (no spiral sporophores or D-xylose utilization), had identical 16S rRNA genes and were identified as S. scabies (99.9% SI to S. scabies ATCC 49173). Three Finnish strains were identified as S. turgidiscabies, a species previously described only in Japan (99.9% SI to S. turgidiscabies ATCC 700248). Finnish strain 317 and S. aureofaciens NRRL 2209 (99.8% SI) were placed in a distinct phylogenetic cluster together with Kitosatospora spp., which suggests that S. aureofaciens may belong to the recently revived genus Kitosatospora. In pathogenicity tests, S. scabies caused characteristic symptoms of common scab, S. turgidiscabies caused mainly pitted scab, and S. aureofaciens caused netted scab and necrotic lesions on stolons of potato cultivars Bintje and Matilda in the greenhouse. The nec1 gene and the intergenic region between nec1 and the 5′ transposase pseudogene ORFtnp were successfully amplified by polymerase chain reaction from S. scabies ATCC 49173 and the pathogenic Finnish strains of S. scabies, but not from a nonpathogenic strain of S. scabies, three pathogenic and two nonpathogenic strains of S. turgidiscabies, and S. aureofaciens.

© 1999 The American Phytopathological Society