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Detection of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi in Carnation Tissue by PCR Amplification of Transposon Insertions

December 1999 , Volume 89 , Number  12
Pages  1,169 - 1,175

Annalisa Chiocchetti , Ilaria Bernardo , Marie-Josée Daboussi , Angelo Garibaldi , M. Lodovica Gullino , Thierry Langin , and Quirico Migheli

First, second, fourth, fifth, and seventh authors: Dipartimento di Valorizzazione e Protezione delle Risorse Agroforestali—Patologia Vegetale, Universitá di Torino, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, I-10095 Grugliasco, TO, Italy; third author: Institut de Génétique et Microbiologie, Université Paris Sud, Bâtiment 400, F-91405, Orsay, France; sixth author: Laboratoire de Phytopathologie Moléculaire, Institut de Biotechnologie des Plantes, F-91405 Orsay, France

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Accepted for publication 24 July 1999.

Strains of the carnation wilt pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi, can be distinguished by DNA fingerprint patterns, using the fungal transposable elements Fot1 and impala as probes for Southern hybridization. The DNA fingerprints correspond to three groups of F. oxysporum f. sp. dianthi strains: the first group includes isolates of races 1 and 8; the second group includes isolates of races 2, 5 and 6; and the third group includes isolates of race 4. Genomic DNAs flanking race-associated insertion sites of Fot1 (from races 1, 2, and 8) or impala (from race 4) were amplified by the inverse polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. These regions were cloned and sequenced, and three sets of primers overlapping the 3′ or 5′ end of the transposon and its genomic insertion were designed. Using fungal genomic DNA as template in PCR experiments, primer pairs generated amplification products of 295, 564 and 1,315 bp, corresponding to races 1 and 8; races 2, 5, and 6; and race 4, respectively. When multiplex PCR was performed with genomic DNA belonging to races 1 and 8, 2, or 4, single amplimers were generated, allowing clear race determination of the isolate tested. PCR was successfully performed on DNA extracted from susceptible carnation cv. Indios infected with isolates representative of races 1, 2, 4, and 8.

Additional keywords: Dianthus caryophyllus, Fusarium wilt, physiological race.

© 1999 The American Phytopathological Society