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Tomato Breeding Lines Resistant and Tolerant to Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Issued from Lycopersicon hirsutum

September 1998 , Volume 88 , Number  9
Pages  910 - 914

Favi Vidavsky and Henryk Czosnek

Department of Field, Vegetable Crops, and Genetics, and the Otto Warburg Center for Biotechnology in Agriculture; Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences; The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel

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Accepted for publication 22 April 1998.

Two tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV)-resistant plants from accessions LA1777 and LA386 of the wild tomato species Lycopersicon hirsutum have been crossed. The resulting resistant F1 plants were crossed with the domesticated tomato L. esculentum, and a series of selfing was performed. At each generation, individuals were selected for resistance (no symptoms and undetectable viral DNA) and tolerance (no symptoms but with detectable viral DNA) following controlled massive and repeated inoculations with viruliferous whiteflies. A stable BC1F4 line (denominated 902) that does not segregate for resistance was obtained. This line does not support virus accumulation, even upon extensive whitefly-mediated inoculation of young seedlings, and does not need protection with nets or insecticides. Another stable BC1F4 line (denominated 908) was tolerant to the virus. Both lines have good horticultural characteristics and bear 80- to 120-g red fruits. Analysis of segregation of susceptibility, tolerance, and resistance during the BC1F1 to BC1F4 crosses indicated that tolerance is controlled by a dominant major gene and resistance by two to three additive recessive genes. The resistant and tolerant lines do not need to be protected by insecticides or nets.

Additional keywords: Bemisia tabaci , disease resistance , Lycopersicon spp.

© 1998 The American Phytopathological Society