First and second authors: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), Lisboa 27, Apartado Postal 6-641, 0660 Mexico, D.F.; and third author: SARH, INIFAP, CIANO, Km. 12 Carretera Norman E. Borlaug, Apartado Postal 515, 8500, Ciudad Obregon, Sonora, Mexico
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Accepted for publication 4 June 1998.
Wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivar Pavon 76 carries slow-rusting resistance to leaf rust that has remained effective in Mexico since its release in 1976. ‘Pavon 76’ was crossed with two leaf rust-susceptible wheat cultivars, Jupateco 73S and Avocet S, and between 118 and 148 individual F2 plant-derived F3 and F5 lines were evaluated for adult-plant leaf rust resistance at two field sites in Mexico during different seasons. Evaluation of F1 plants and parents indicated that the slow-rusting resistance was partially dominant. Segregation in the F3 and F5 indicated that the resistance was based on two genes with additive effects. Monosomic analysis was carried out to determine the chromosomal locations of the resistance genes. For this purpose, two or three backcross-derived cytogenetic populations were developed by crossing ‘Pavon 76’ with a monosomic series of adult-plant leaf rust-susceptible cultivar Lal-bahadur. Evaluation of such BC2F3 and BC3F3 lines from 16 confirmed ‘Lalbahadur’ monosomics indicated that one slow-rusting gene was located in chromosome 1B of ‘Pavon 76’. This gene, designated as Lr46, is the second named gene involved in slow-rusting resistance to leaf rust in wheat.
© 1998 The American Phytopathological Society