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Effects of Temperature and Host on the Generation of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Defective Interfering RNAs

November 1997 , Volume 87 , Number  11
Pages  1,168 - 1,173

Alice K. Inoue-Nagata , Richard Kormelink , Tatsuya Nagata , Elliot W. Kitajima , Rob Goldbach , and Dick Peters

First, second, third, fifth, and sixth authors: Department of Virology, Wageningen Agricultural University, Binnenhaven 11, 6709 PD, Wageningen, the Netherlands; and fourth author: NAP/Department of Phytopathology, ESALQ, C.P. 9, 13418-900, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil

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Accepted for publication 28 July 1997.

The generation of defective interfering (DI) RNA molecules of tomato spotted wilt tospovirus (TSWV) was studied by serially passaging in-ocula from plant to plant under different controlled conditions. DI RNAs were generated at higher rates in plants at 16°C than in plants incubated at higher temperatures. Another factor promoting the TSWV DI RNA generation was the use of high virus concentrations in the inocula. The solanaceous species Capsicum annuum, Datura stramonium, Lycopersicon esculentum, Nicotiana benthamiana, and N. rustica supported the generation of DI RNAs, whereas the virus recovered from the inoculated composite species, Emilia sonchifolia, remained free of any DI RNA under all conditions tested. This study resulted in a strategy to maintain DI RNA-free TSWV isolates, as well as in an efficient way to produce a large population of different DI RNA species. A single DI RNA species usually became dominant in an isolate after a few rounds of serial inoculations. The possible mechanisms involved in TSWV DI RNA generation under different inoculation circumstances are discussed.

Additional keywords: Bunyaviridae, host plant species, virus concentration in inoculum.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society