First author: Monsanto Research Farm, RR 4, Monmouth, IL 61842-9804; and second and third authors: Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801
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Accepted for publication 7 August 1997.
The inheritance of resistance to aflatoxin production in corn (Zea mays) caused by the fungus Aspergillus flavus was studied following inoculation in progeny derived from the cross between the susceptible inbred B73 and the resistant inbred LB31. In 1993, the susceptible parent B73 (P1), resistant parent LB31 (P2), F1, F3, and BCP1-selfed generations were evaluated. In 1994, the study was expanded to include the F2, BCP1, and BCP2 generations. Aflatoxin concentrations were higher in 1993 than 1994. Generation mean analysis showed that additive and dominant gene action were important for resistance to aflatoxin production. Potence ratios indicated dominance for resistance in both years. In 1993, aflatoxin values of the F1 generation were significantly lower than the calculated mid-parent values, indicating dominant gene action favoring resistance. In 1994, values of the F1 generation were not significantly lower than the calculated midparent value. The frequency distributions of aflatoxin values for families of the F3 and BCP1-selfed generations were skewed toward the resistant parent, also indicating dominance. Heritability based on a progeny mean basis of F3 families representing the additive variance plus one-fourth of the dominance variance was estimated at 66% over both years combined. Based on these results, selection for resistance to aflatoxin production in progeny derived from the cross between B73 and LB31 should be effective.
© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society