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Salicylic Acid Produced by the Rhizobacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa 7NSK2 Induces Resistance to Leaf Infection by Botrytis cinerea on Bean

June 1997 , Volume 87 , Number  6
Pages  588 - 593

Geert De Meyer and Monica Höfte

Lab of Phytopathology, Faculty of Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences, Coupure Links, 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium

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Accepted for publication 21 February 1997.

Selected strains of nonpathogenic rhizobacteria can induce a systemic resistance in plants that is effective against various pathogens. In an assay with bean plants, we investigated which determinants of the rhizobacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa 7NSK2 are important for induction of resistance to Botrytis cinerea. By varying the iron nutritional state of the bacterium at inoculation, it was demonstrated that induced resistance by P. aeruginosa 7NSK2 was iron-regulated. As P. aeruginosa 7NSK2 produces three siderophores under iron limitation, pyoverdin, pyochelin, and salicylic acid, we investigated the involvement of these iron-regulated metabolites in induced resistance by using mutants deficient in one or more siderophores. Results demonstrated that salicylic acid production was essential for induction of resistance to B. cinerea by P. aeruginosa 7NSK2 in bean and did not exclude a role for pyochelin. A role for pyoverdin, however, could not be demonstrated. Transcriptional activity of salicylic acid and pyochelin biosynthetic genes was detected during P. aeruginosa 7NSK2 colonization of bean. Moreover, the iron nutritional state at inoculation influenced the transcriptional activity of salicylic acid and pyochelin biosynthetic genes in the same way as it influenced induction of systemic resistance to B. cinerea.

Additional keywords: induced systemic resistance, Phaseolus vulgaris, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, reporter gene.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society