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Populations of Nonpathogenic Fusarium oxysporum Associated with Roots of Four Plant Species Compared to Soilborne Populations

July 1997 , Volume 87 , Number  7
Pages  693 - 697

V. Edel , C. Steinberg , N. Gautheron , and C. Alabouvette

Laboratoire de Recherches sur la Flore Pathogène du Sol, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA)-CMSE, 17 rue Sully, BV 1540, 21034 Dijon Cedex, France

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Accepted for publication 7 April 1997.

The effect of the plant on the diversity of soilborne populations of Fusarium oxysporum was assessed after successive cultures of flax, melon, tomato, and wheat in separate samples of the same soil. Forty soil-borne isolates of F. oxysporum and forty root-colonizing isolates of each plant species were sampled during the first (T0) and fourth (T1) cultures. The population structures were assessed by a genotypic method based on restriction fragment analysis of polymerase chain reaction-amplified ri-bosomal intergenic spacer (IGS) DNA. Sixteen IGS types were defined among the four hundred isolates analyzed. The distributions of soil isolates among IGS types were similar at both sampling times. The structure of F. oxysporum populations associated with the roots of flax or melon did not differ from the structure of soilborne populations. In contrast, the structure of F. oxysporum populations associated with roots of wheat or tomato differed from the structure of soilborne populations. High frequencies were found for IGS type 4 among wheat isolates at both T0 and T1 and for IGS type 11 among tomato isolates at T1. Moreover, a high level of genetic divergence was obtained between IGS types 4 and 11. Our results suggest that tomato and wheat have a selective effect on soilborne populations of F. oxysporum and that this effect seems to be plant specific.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society