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Detection of New Ethylene-Producing Bacteria, Pseudomonas syringae pvs. cannabina and sesami, by PCR Amplification of Genes for the Ethylene-Forming Enzyme

December 1997 , Volume 87 , Number  12
Pages  1,192 - 1,196

M. Sato , K. Watanabe , M. Yazawa , Y. Takikawa , and K. Nishiyama

First, second, and third authors: National Institute of Sericultural and Entomological Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan; fourth author: Faculty of Agriculture, Shizuoka University, Ohya, Shizuoka 422, Japan; fifth author: National Institute of Agro-Environmental Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan

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Accepted for publication 31 August 1997.

Strains of Pseudomonas syringae (78 strains and 43 pathovars) and other strains (79) of plant and insect origin were examined for the presence of the ethylene-forming enzyme gene (efe) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. The sequence of the efe gene of P. syringae pv. phaseolicola PK2 was used to design two primer sets for amplification of the gene. In addition to P.syringae pv. phaseolicola (the “kudzu strain”) and P.syringae pv. glycinea, which were efficient ethylene producers, several strains of P.syringae pvs. sesami and cannabina generated PCR products of the predicted size. A DNA probe of the efe gene, isolated from strain PK2, hybridized to these PCR products, indicating homology to the P.syringae pv. phaseolicola efe gene. PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses suggested that these four pathovars harbor a similar efe gene. Furthermore, the probe hybridized to an indigenous plasmid of P.syringae pv. cannabina, suggesting that the efe gene could be located on a plasmid in this pathovar, but did not hybridize to plas-mids of P.syringae pv. sesami strains. P.syringae pvs. sesami and cannabina strains produced ethylene in King's medium B at levels similar to those of P.syringae pvs. phaseolicola and glycinea. Thus, two new ethylene-producing bacteria were detected by the PCR assay.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society