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Potato Root Diffusate-Induced Secretion of Soluble, Basic Proteins Originating from the Subventral Esophageal Glands of Potato Cyst Nematodes

August 1997 , Volume 87 , Number  8
Pages  839 - 845

Geert Smant , Aska Goverse , Jack P. W. G. Stokkermans , Jan M. De Boer , H. (Rikus) Pomp , Jacoline F. Zilverentant , Hein A. Overmars , Johannes Helder , Arjen Schots , and Jaap Bakker

Department of Nematology, Wageningen Agricultural University, P.O. Box 8213, 6700 ES Wageningen, the Netherlands

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Accepted for publication 2 May 1997.

In preparasitic second-stage juveniles (J2) of potato cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis, six proteins with molecular masses of 30, 31a/b, 32, 39, and 49 kDa were recognized on Western blots by a monoclonal antibody (MGR48) specific for the subventral esophageal glands. All of these subventral gland proteins (svp's) focused in the basic range (pI 6.8 to 8.6) of an immobilized pH gradient. Western blotting showed that the svp's were present in preparasitic and parasitic J2 and not in later juvenile stages and adult females. Minor svp quantities also were observed in adult males. Immunogold labeling of preparasitic J2 showed that the svp's were localized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum and secretory granules of the subventral esophageal glands. Potato root diffusate triggered the secretion of svp's through the stylet, and 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine-hydrogen-oxalate had only a quantitative, additional effect. The forward flow of svp's through the metacorporal pump chamber was confirmed by the presence of svp's in the circular lumen of the esophagus (procorpus), as established by immunoelectron microscopy. Our data provide conclusive evidence that secretory proteins of the subventral glands of G. rostochiensis can be secreted through the stylet and support the hypothesis that the subventral esophageal glands play an important role in the early events of this nematode-plant interaction.

Additional keywords: plant-parasite interaction, secretory pathway.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society