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Cucumber mosaic virus-Plant Interactions: Identification of 3a Protein Sequences Affecting Infectivity, Cell-to-Cell Movement, and Long-distance Movement

March 2001 , Volume 14 , Number  3
Pages  378 - 385

Qiubo Li , 1 Ki Hyun Ryu , 1 and Peter Palukaitis 1 , 2

1Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, U.S.A.; 2Pathology Division, Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, U.K.

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Accepted 11 November 2000.

Mutants of the Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) movement protein (MP) were generated and analyzed for their effects on virus movement and pathogenicity in vivo. Similar to the wild-type MP, mutants M1, M2, and M3, promoted virus movement in eight plant species. Mutant M3 showed some differences in pathogenicity in one host species. Mutant M8 showed some host-specific alterations in movement in two hypersensitive hosts of CMV. Mutant M9 showed altered pathogenicity on three hosts and was temperature sensitive for long-distance movement, demonstrating that cell-to-cell and long-distance movement are distinct movement functions for CMV. Four mutants (M4, M5, M6, and M7) were debilitated from movement in all hosts tested. Mutants M4, M5, and M6 could be complemented in trans by the wild-type MP expressed transgenically, although not by each other or by mutant M9 (at the restrictive temperature). Mutant M7 showed an inability to be complemented in trans. From these mutants, different aspects of the CMV movement process could be defined and specific roles for particular sequence domains assigned. The broader implications of these functions are discussed.

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society