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Mutations in Pea seedborne mosaic virus Genome-Linked Protein VPg Alter Pathotype-Specific Virulence in Pisum sativum

June 2001 , Volume 14 , Number  6
Pages  707 - 714

Britta Borgstrøm and I. Elisabeth Johansen

Biotechnology Group, Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Thorvaldsensvej 40, 1., DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark

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Accepted 12 February 2001.

Pisum sativum plant introduction (PI) line 269818 is resistant to potyvirus pea seedborne mosaic virus (PSbMV) isolates, categorized as pathotype P1, and is susceptible to pathotype P4 isolates. This difference in infectivity is determined by the viral genome-linked protein (VPg) cistron. Mutational analysis of VPg of PSbMV isolates DPD1 and NY representing pathotypes P1 and P4 revealed that codon changes affecting amino acids 105 to 117 in the central region of VPg influenced virulence on PI 269818. In contrast, infectivity on pea cultivar Dark Skinned Perfection, which is susceptible to both pathotypes, was not affected by the mutations. Mutants overcoming resistance in PI 269818 were analyzed for changes in the VPg coding region upon passage through PI 269818 and Dark Skinned Perfection. Adaptive changes were observed only upon passage through PI 269818 and only at codons from amino acid 105 to 117. Expression of DPD1 VPg in PI 269818 did not affect infection by NY, which suggests that VPg from DPD1 is not an elicitor of a general resistance response. The results are compatible with the hypothesis that viral amplification depends upon the interaction between VPg and a host factor.

Additional keywords: recessive resistance, replication, sbm-1.

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society