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Induction of the Maize GapC4 Promoter in Transgenic Potato under Anaerobiosis and in Erwinia carotovora-Inoculated Tuber Tissue

March 1999 , Volume 12 , Number  3
Pages  182 - 188

Lorenz Bülow , 1 , 2 Uwe Köhler , 2 Rüdiger Cerff , 2 Reinhard Hehl , 2 and Klaus Düring 1

1Federal Centre for Breeding Research on Cultivated Plants, Institute for Breeding Methods in Vegetables, Neuer Weg 22 / 23, D-06484 Quedlinburg, Germany; 2Technical University of Braunschweig, Institute of Genetics - Biocenter, Spielmannstr. 7, D-38106 Braunschweig, Germany

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Accepted 12 November 1998.

The induction pattern of the GapC4 promoter from maize in transgenic potato has been analyzed by fusion to the β-glucuronidase (gus) gene. Under anaerobic conditions this promoter confers high level expression not only in leaves, stems, and roots but also in tubers. After inoculation of potato tuber disks with Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica, β-glucuronidase (GUS) activity could be detected in macerated tissue as well as in surrounding intact tissue. In mock controls no induction was detected, ruling out any induction due to an overall limitation in oxygen in the experimental system. In addition, it could be proven that no diffusion of GUS protein from macerated into intact tissue occurred. The promoter was shown to be aerobically induced even in the absence of live bacteria by incubation with purified Erwinia spp. pectolytic enzymes alone. Therefore, promoter induction seems to be mediated by a mobile factor instead of by limitation in oxygen. These results demonstrate that the maize GapC4 promoter is suitable for directing foreign genes encoding antibacterial proteins in transgenic potato.

Additional keywords: resistance.

© 1999 The American Phytopathological Society