Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, University of Maryland, College Park 20742-3351 U.S.A.
Targeted disruption of cpg-1, a gene encoding the G protein Giα subunit, CPG-1, in the chestnut blight fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica, results in reduced mycelial growth, reduced orange pigmentation, loss of virulence, loss of asexual sporulation, and female infertility. We report the development of a complementation system for cpg-1 null mutants and its use to evaluate the in vivo consequences of mutating conserved putative CPG-1 myristoylation (G2) and palmitoylation (C3) sites. Independent mutations of the two putative acylation sites differentially altered complex fungal biological processes, including virulence, and modified CPG-1 membrane association. Results of combined Northern (RNA) and Western (immunoblot) analysis also indicated a role for lipid modification in post-transcriptional regulation of CPG-1 accumulation.