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Auxin Production Is a Common Feature of Most Pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae

February 1998 , Volume 11 , Number  2
Pages  156 - 162

Eric Glickmann , 1 Louis Gardan , 2 Sylvie Jacquet , 2 Shafik Hussain , 2 Miena Elasri , 1 Annik Petit , 1 and Yves Dessaux 1

1Institut des Sciences Végétales, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Avenue de la Terrasse, F-91198 Gif sur Yvette Cedex; 2Station de Pathologie Végétale, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 42, rue Georges Morel, B.P. 57, F-49071 Beaucouzé Cedex, France

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Accepted 3 November 1997.

We investigated indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production by 57 pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae and related species. Most of those analyzed produced IAA, especially in the presence of tryptophan. Eight strains produced high IAA concentrations in the absence of Trp. The iaaM and iaaH genes of P. savastanoi pv. savastanoi were detected in a limited number of strains only, including the eight above-mentioned strains. Thus, IAA synthesis in most assayed strains of P. syringae and related species does not involve genes highly similar to iaaM and iaaH. In contrast, the iaaL gene encoding an IAA-lysine synthase was detected in most pathovars, and was often found on plasmids.

Additional keywords: Azospirillum, Erwinia, plant growth regulators, plant pathogens.

© 1998 The American Phytopathological Society