Opines are carbon compounds produced by crown galls and hairy roots induced by Agrobacterium tumefaciens and A. rhizogenes, respectively. These novel condensation products of plant metabolic intermediates are utilized as nutritional sources by the Agrobacterium strains that induced the growths. Thus, opines are thought to favor the propagation of agrobacteria in the tumorsphere. Certain Agrobacterium strains were chemoattracted to opines. The chemotactic activities to octopine, to nopaline, to manno-pine, and to agrocinopines A+B were dependent on the type of the Ti plasmid present in the bacterium. The determinants for chemotaxis to these opines were localized to the regions of the octopine- and nopaline-type Ti plasmids coding for transport and catabolism of that opine. An insertion in accA, which encodes the periplasmic binding protein for agrocinopines A+B, abolished chemotaxis while an insertion in accC, which encodes a component of the transport system, and an insertion in accF, which encodes a function required for agrocinopine catabolism, did not affect chemotaxis to this opine. Thus, transport and catabolism of these opines are not required for the chemo-tactic activity. Analyses of subclones of the acc region confirmed that accA is the only gene required from the Ti plasmid for chemotaxis to agrocinopines A+B.