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Pepper Mild Mottle Virus Coat Protein Alone Can Elicit the Capsicum spp. L3 Gene-Mediated Resistance

December 1998 , Volume 11 , Number  12
Pages  1,253 - 1,257

P. Gilardi , I. García-Luque , and M. T. Serra

Departamento de Biología de Plantas, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas (CSIC), Velázquez 144, 28006-Madrid, Spain

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Accepted 4 August 1998.

The pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV-S) (an L3 hypersensitive response [HR]-inducer strain) coat protein was expressed in Capsicum chinense (L3L3) plants with the heterologous potato virus X (PVX)-based expression system. The chimeric virus was localized in the inoculated leaves and induced the HR, thus indicating that the tobamoviral sequences that affect induction of the HR conferred by the L3 resistance gene reside in the coat protein gene. Furthermore, transient expression of the PMMoV-S coat protein in C. chinense leaves by biolistic co-bombardment with a plasmid expressing the β-glucuronidase (GUS) gene leads to the induction of cell death and expression of host defense genes. Thus, the coat protein of PMMoV-S is the elicitor of the Capsicum spp. L3 resistance gene-mediated HR.

The American Phytopathological Society, 1998