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Nod Factors from Sinorhizobium saheli and S. teranga bv. sesbaniae Are Both Arabinosylated and Fucosylated, a Structural Feature Specific to Sesbania rostrata Symbionts

September 1997 , Volume 10 , Number  7
Pages  879 - 890

Jean Lorquin , 1 , 2 Gilles Lortet , 1 , 3 Myriam Ferro , 2 Nathalie Méar , 1 Bernard Dreyfus , 1 Jean-Claude Promé , 2 and Catherine Boivin 1

1Laboratoire de Microbiologie, ORSTOM, BP. 1386, Dakar, Sénégal; 2Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie structurale, CNRS, 205 Route de Narbonne, 31077 Toulouse, France; 3Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire des Relations Plantes-Microorganismes, INRA-CNRS, BP27, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan Cedex, France

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Accepted 4 June 1997.

Sesbania spp. can establish symbiotic interactions with rhizobia from diverse taxonomical origins, including the newly described Sinorhizobium saheli and S. teranga bv. sesbaniae, in addition to the Sesbania rostrata-specific symbiont Azorhizobium caulinodans. These different rhizobia exhibit a narrow host range, which is limited mainly to Sesbania spp. Nod factors from overproducing strains of S. saheli ORS611 were purified and their structures determined. Remarkably, the terminal reducing glucosamine of most compounds was found to bear both an arabinosyl group on C-3 and a fucosyl substitution on C-6. Other structural features are as follows: Nod factors are mainly chitopentameric compounds, N-methylated, O-carbamoylated and N-substituted either by a C18:1 or a C16:0 acyl chain at their nonreducing end. Nod factors from an overproducing strain of S. teranga bv. sesbaniae ORS604 were found to be identical to those of S. saheli on the basis of high-pressure liquid chromatography separation and liquid secondary ion mass spectrometry analysis. The Nod factor double glycosylation, i.e., arabinosylation and fucosylation, which appears to be unique to Sesbania symbionts, probably reflects a high selection pressure from Sesbania host plants.

Additional keywords: nitrogen fixation.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society