1Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611-0680, U.S.A.; 2Indian River REC, Ft. Pierce, FL 34945-3138; 3Department of Entomology, CFREC, Leesburg, FL 34748-8232, U.S.A.
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Accepted 24 March 1997.
Tobacco explants were transformed by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation with sense and antisense constructs of the movement protein genes (BC1 and BV1) of tomato mottle geminivirus (TMoV). Transgenic plants were tested for virus resistance either by exposure to viruliferous whiteflies carrying TMoV or cabbage leaf curl geminivirus (CabLCV) for a 72-h inoculation period or by continuous exposure to TMoV during the life of the plants. The transgenic lines were scored for disease symptoms, and virus replication and distribution were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and dot blot hybridizations. Transgenic plants which expressed a mutated form (identified in a previous study) of the BC1 gene showed TMoV and CabLCV resistance. Three resistant phenotypes were observed: a delay in symptom development, a recovery from early symptoms, and an absence of virus symptoms at all stages. Geminivirus was detected in inoculated leaves but was not readily detected in leaves beyond the inoculation sites in the highly resistant plants. The geminivirus resistance conferred by expression of the spontaneously mutated BC1 gene (detected after transformation) in transgenic tobacco may involve transdominant negative interference.
© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society