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Endopolygalacturonase Genes from Colletotrichum lindemuthianum: Cloning of CLPG2 and Comparison of Its Expression to That of CLPG1 During Saprophytic and Parasitic Growth of the Fungus

August 1997 , Volume 10 , Number  6
Pages  769 - 775

Sylvie Centis , Isabelle Guillas , Nathalie Séjalon , Marie-Thérèse Esquerré-Tugayé , and Bernard Dumas

UMR 5546 CNRS-UPS, Signaux et Messages Cellulaires chez les Végétaux, Centre de Biologie et Physiologie Végétales, Université Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex, France

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Accepted 29 May 1997.

Following the previous isolation of CLPG1, a gene encoding an endopolygalacturonase (endoPG) secreted into the culture filtrate of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, we have isolated and sequenced an additional endoPG gene, CLPG2. This gene is present as a single copy in the genome of the fungus. At the amino acid level, CLPG2 shows 61% identity to CLPG1 and between 37 to 59% identity to other fungal endoPGs. RNA blot analyses of endoPG gene expression were followed with specific probes during in vitro culture of the fungus. When conidia were used to inoculate a synthetic medium containing pectin as sole carbon source, only CLPG1 was found to be expressed after 3 days of culture. However, transferring the mycelium grown on glucose for 4 days to a pectin-containing medium allowed the detection of CLPG1 and CLPG2 transcripts as early as 12 h after transfer on this substrate. Expression of CLPG2 was transient while that of CLPG1 was more prolonged. Immunocytological localization of endoPG in C. lindemuthianum-infected bean tissues with antibodies against CLPG1 confirmed that the protein is produced in planta and is associated with extensive degradation of the host cell wall. Detection of endoPG transcripts by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction revealed that CLPG1, but not CLPG2, is expressed at the beginning of the necrotrophic stage of infection. These results show that the two endoPG genes are differentially expressed and that CLPG1 encodes the major secreted endoPG both during saprophytic growth and during plant infection.

Additional keywords: Phaseolus vulgaris.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society